Travel to Nepal
Helpful Information
Travel to Nepal

1.Climate & Weather:
The climate of Nepal varies from warm summers with mild winters in the low-lying southern region, to alpine conditions with very severe winters in the mountains. Between December and February temperatures drop well below freezing in the mountains. The best time to travel to Nepal for trekking is in early spring or late autumn, when the weather is dry and temperatures mild. The monsoon season on the coast occurs between June and September.
Nepal's weather is generally predictable and pleasant. There are four climatic seasons:
(a) Spring : March-May
(b) Summer : June-August
(c) Autumn : September-November
(d) ) Winter : December-February
Summer and late spring temperatures range from 28ºC (83ºF) in the hill regions to more than 40ºC (104ºF) in the Terai. In winter, average maximum and minimum temperatures in the Terai range from a brisk 7ºC (45ºF) to a mild 23ºC (74ºF). The central valleys experience a minimum temperature often falling bellow freezing point and a chilly 12ºC (54ºF) maximum. Much colder temperatures prevail at higher elevations. The Kathmandu Valley, at an altitude of 1310m (4297ft), has a mild climate, ranging from 19-27ºC (67-81ºF) in summer, and 2-20ºC (36-68ºF) in winter.

2. Currency:
Currency is Nepalese Rupees (NPR) but US Dollars, British Pounds & Euros are accepted.
One US Dollar is equivalent to NPR 75.00
One British Pound is equivalent to NPR 125.00
One Euro is equivalent to NPR 110.00
(Given rates are subject to change)
ATMs and exchange facilities are available across the country. Credit cards are also accepted in most major hotels, restaurants and shops. However, you should check first that a particular card is acceptable. Both Euro and US Dollar travellers' cheques can be cashed relatively easily in most banks and major hotels throughout the country.

3. Entry & Exit Points:

1. TIA, Kathmandu
2. Kakarvitta, Jhapa
3. Birganj, Parsa
4. Kodari, Sindhupalchowk
5. Belahia, Bhairahawa
6. Jamunaha, Nepalgunj
7. Mohana, Dhangadhi
8. Gaddachauki, Mahendranagar

4. Language:

Nepal Language has more than 120 kinds of languages that are spoken in the country. The most popular Nepal Language is Nepali. Apart from that, other major languages of the country are Newari, Awadhi, Limbu, Hindi, Mundari, Bahing and Maithili. Nepali is the national language of Nepal, while other major languages of the country are Newari, Awadhi, Limbu, Hindi, Mundari, Bahing and Maithili. Although Nepali is the most popular language , there are however many ethnic groups like the Nawars speak Newari, Hindi and Maithili are spoken by the Terai while other groups like the Tamangs, Rais, Sherpas, Gurungs, Magars and Limbus use other languages of Nepal. Now-a-days however, English has also become an important language in Nepal.

5. How to Reach:
Nepal is connected by air and road. The principal international airport of Nepal is the Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu. Katmandu, the capital, is well connected to the major capitals of the world through regular air services. Many private as well as government careers like Royal Nepal airlines, Air India, Gulf Airways, Qatar, Thai, and Druk Air have regular flights to Nepal. The India-Nepal border has many entry and exit points (pl see entry & exits points to Nepal) for those wishing to travel by land.

For getting around within Nepal, visitors can avail domestic air services, buses, taxis, mountain bikes and hired vehicles. The Royal Nepal Airlines connects all major cities in Nepal. Private operators like Buddha Air, Yeti Airways, Guna also provide regular and chartered services. But the best option for those who wish to experience the sights and sounds of this Shangri-La is traveling by buses and cars. Luxury and non-luxury buses run from Katmandu to other tourist hot spots. The more adventurous can be hiring bicycles from Thamel & go for sightseeing.

6. Medical Check up and Vaccinations:
As per current Govt. Rule Medical check-ups and vaccinations are not compulsory to enter Nepal but again if you confirm before proceeding would be good.

7. Religion:

Religion occupies an integral position in Nepalese life and society. In the early 1990s, Nepal was the only constitutionally declared Hindu state in the world; there was, however, a great deal of intermingling of Hindu and Buddhist beliefs. Many of the people regarded as Hindus in the 1981 census could, with as much justification, be called Buddhists. The fact that Hindus worshipped at Buddhist temples and Buddhists worshipped at Hindu temples has been one of the principal reasons adherents of the two dominant groups in Nepal have never engaged in any overt religious conflicts. Because of such dual faith practices (or mutual respect), the differences between Hindus and Buddhists have been in general very subtle and academic in nature. However, in 2001 census, approximately 80.6 percent of the Nepalese people identified themselves as Hindus. Buddhists and Muslims comprised only 10.7 and 4.4 percent, respectively. The remainder followed other religions, including Christianity.

8. Things to do in Nepal:
1. Culture Tours
2. Trekking
3. Rafting/ Canoeing
4. Mountaineering
5. Wildlife Tours
6. Bird Watching Tours
7. Wellness Tours
8. Rock Climbing
9. Bungy Jump
10. Study Tours

9. Time Difference:
Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +5:45 hours
No daylight saving time in 2011
Time zone abbreviation: NPT - Nepal Time


10.Travel/ General - Insurance
You should take out comprehensive travel and medical insurance before travelling. You should check any exclusions, and that your policy covers you for activities you want to undertake. If you are intending to travel at altitude in Nepal, please check that your insurance policy provides cover. Many policies do not provide cover over 2,500 meters.

You should take out full insurance cover for medical treatment, accidents and evacuation by helicopter (presently costing between 1,500 US Dollars and 2,500 US Dollars per flying hour). It is advisable to have cover for unexpected losses such as cancelled flights, stolen or lost cash, cards, passport, luggage and any loss damage or liability resulting from terrorist action.

Visas are required for travel to Nepal, and are available on arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport and at certain land borders (for more details please see Entry & Exit Points). You may pay in dollars or equivalent to NPR at the airport, and should bring two passport-sized photos. If you wish to stay for more than 60 days you can extend your visa up to 30 days by applying to the Nepalese Department of Immigration at Bhrikuti Mandap (adjacent to the Tourism Development Board and opposite City Hall) (Tel: +977 1 4222453 or 4223590); (Fax: +977 1 4223127)

Tourist visa:
1. The foreign tourist visiting Nepal shall be granted the tourist visa.
2. The tourist visa shall be granted for a period in maximum of 150 days in a visa year (Visa years means January to December).
3. A tourist who has departed before the expiry of the period specified in the visa issued in a visa year shall not be allowed to use the visa by adding the remaining period to another visa year.
4. If any foreigner who has entered into Nepal towards the end of a visa year desires to spend even the period during which he may stay in Nepal with the tourist visa of the other visa year, he may use such facility.

Client's Feedback
Roly Lloyd from Australia
"I recently had the good fortune to go birdwatching in Nepal with my friend Dr Robert Sothman in Nepal. I contacted Tragopan Trek / Travel Nepal Pvt Ltd., a contact found through Birding Pals Nepal. We had excellent feed-back and responses to all our e-mails which gave us confidence to book a bird watching tour through them. We were met at Kathmandu airport by our guide Shankar and had a very comfortable...    Read More

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